Aspiring Entrepreneurs: Learn the Basics of Setting up a Business
Tax Tip 2022-128
Aspiring entrepreneurs: learn the basics of setting up a business
New entrepreneurs can start out on the right foot by making sure they understand the tax responsibilities of running a business. The process can seem daunting, but IRS.gov has resources to help new business owners.
Here are a few things new entrepreneurs need to do when starting their business.
Choose a business structure Theform of business determines which income tax return a business taxpayer needs to file. The most common business structures are:
Sole proprietorship: An unincorporated business owned by an individual. There's no distinction between the taxpayer and their business.
Partnership: An unincorporated business with ownership shared between two or more people.
Corporation: Also known as a C corporation. It's a separate entity owned by shareholders.
S Corporation: A corporation that elects to pass corporate income, losses, deductions and credits through to the shareholders.
Choose a tax year A tax year is an annual accounting period for keeping records and reporting income and expenses. A new business owner must choose either:
Calendar year: 12 consecutive months beginning January 1 and ending December 31.
Fiscal year: 12 consecutive months ending on the last day of any month except December.
Apply for an employer identification number An EINis also called a federal tax identification number. It's used to identify a business. Most businesses need one of these numbers. It's important for a business with an EIN to keep the business mailing address, location and responsible party up to date. IRS regulations require EIN holders to report changes in the responsible party within 60 days. They do this by completing Form 8822-B, Change of Address or Responsible Party and mailing it to the address on the form.